Gandhi Jayanti 2019-About Gandhi ji,Wishes,Quotes,instagram post,speech and books


Who was Mahatma Gandhi ?

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FULL NAME       – Mohanda Karamchand Gandhi

DATE OF BIRTH – 2 October 1869 (Porbandar) 
Cause of Death      – ASSASSINATED (30 January 1948,New Delh
Father name-         – Karamchand Gandhi
Mother name         – Putlibai Gandhi
Education               – Alfred High School(1887),UCL Faculty of Laws,University of Londan.
Wife                        – Kasturba Gandhi
Children                  -Harilal Gandhi ,Manilal gandhi ,Ramdas gandhi, Devdas Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi was the primary leader of India’s independence movement and also the architect
 of a form of non-violent civil disobedience that would influence the world.Gandhi is known by different names as mahatma(a great soul) ,Bapu ji and Rastra pita (Father of Nation).

When was the Mahtma Gandhi movement?

1. WORLD WAR I

Lord Chelmsford, the then Viceroy of India, invited Gandhi to Delhi at a War Conference. In order to gain the trust of the empire, Gandhi agreed to move people to enlist in the army for World War I. However, he wrote to the Viceroy and said that he “personally will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe”.

2. CHAMPARAN

The Champaran agitation in Bihar was Gandhi’s first active involvement into Indian freedom politics. The Champaran farmers were being forced to grow Indigo and were being tortured if they protested.
The farmers sought Gandhi’s help and through a calculated non-violent protest, Gandhi managed to win concessions from the authority.

3. KHEDA

When Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods, the local farmers appealed to the rulers to waive off the taxes. Here, Gandhi started a signature campaign where peasants pledged non-payment of taxes.

4. KHILAFAT MOVEMENT

 After the first World War, the Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph or religious leader and a worldwide protest was being organised to fight against the collapsing status of the Caliph.
Gandhi became a prominent spokesperson of the All India Muslim Conference and returned the medals he had received from the Empire during his Indian Ambulance Corps days in South Africa. His role in the Khilafat made him a national leader in no time.

5. NON-COOPERATION MOVEMENT(SEPTEMBER 1920 TO FEBRUARY 1922)

Gandhi had realised that the British had been able to be in India only because of the co-operation they received from the Indians. Keeping this in mind, he called for a non-cooperation movement.
With the Congress’ support and his indomitable spirit, he convinced people that peaceful non-cooperation was the key to Independence. The ominous day of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre triggered the non-cooperation movement. Gandhi set the goal of Swaraj or self-governance, which since then became the motto of Indian freedom movement.

6. SALT MARCH(12 MARCH TO 5 APRIL 1930)

 Gandhi started a Satyagraha campaign against the salt tax in March 1930. He marched 388 kilometres from Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat to make salt. Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history.
7. QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT (8 AUGUST 1942,TILL INDEPENDENCE)
During the Second World War, Gandhi was determined to strike the British Empire with a definitive blow that would secure their exit from India. This happened when the British started recruiting Indians for the war.
Gandhi protested strongly and said that the Indians cannot be involved in a war that is in favour of democratic purposes when India itself is not a free country.

October 2 – Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti :-Wishes and Quotes

Gandhi Jayanti-2 October national festival celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

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